What is waste management? Waste management is the "generation, prevention, characterization, monitoring, treatment, handling, reuse and residual disposition of solid wastes". There are various types of solid waste including municipal (residential, institutional, commercial), agricultural, and special (health care, household hazardous wastes, sewage sludge). The term usually relates to materials produced by human activity, and the process is generally undertaken to reduce their effect on health, the environment or aesthetics.
Issues relating to waste management include:
• Generation of waste
• Waste minimization
• Waste removal
• Waste transportation
• Waste treatment
• Recycling and reuse
• Storage, collection, transport, and transfer
• Landfill disposal
• Environmental considerations
• Financial and marketing aspects
• Policy and regulation
• Education and training
• Planning and implementation.
Responsible waste management begins long before we throw our waste into the bin, it begins when we decide we need or want to purchase something.
Everything we purchase has some element of waste to it. We can control the degree to which this has an impact on our environment by:
• Avoidance – Avoid buying new things, borrow from friends and family.
• Reuse – Reuse calico or green bags when you go shopping.
• Recycling – take your Recycling goods and Green Waste to the relevant facilities for maximum resource recovery.
The more waste we can avoid, reuse or recycle, the less waste we send to landfill. Waste in landfill produces greenhouse gases and can have other harmful effects on us and our natural environment.
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